Mittwoch, 13. April 2011

Kalam (Marathi: ???)

mitragyna  Kalam Marathi कळम picture photo bild

Botanical name: Mitragyna parvifolia (Roxb.) Korth.
Synonym: Stephegyne parvifolia Roxb.
Family: Rubiaceae (bedstraw, coffee, or madder family)

Common names of Mitragyna parvifolia:
Bengali: Gulikadam • English: Kaim • Hindi: कैम Kaim, Kayim, Kaddam Kamgi • Kannada: Kongu, Kadaga • Malayalam: Vimpu, Nirkkatampu, Rosu, Katampu • Marathi: कळम Kalam • Sanskrit: Vitanah • Tamil: Katampai, Nirkkatampu, Sinnakkatampu • Telugu: Nerkadamba • Thai: Kratom

Origin: India

A medium sized to large deciduous tree, reaches heights of 50 feet with a branch spread of over 15 feet, with rounded crown and light grey smooth bark exfoliating in small scales. The stem is erect and branching.

Leaves, dark green in color -- simple, opposite, very variable, elliptic, suborbicular or obovate, rounded, acute, glabrous on both sides, main nerves 6-8 pairs, stipules 13 by 5.8 mm.

Flower greenish yellow and grow in ball-shaped clusters, fragrant (reminds one of the better known Kadam flowers), in globose heads; fruits oblong capsules with 'blunt rounded tbp1; and blunt ribs.

Found throughout India, in deciduous and evergreen forests upto 1,200 m.

Medicinal use: The roots and bark are acrid, bitter, stomachic and febrifuge, and are useful in gastropathy, colic and fever. The leaves are acrid, bitter, sweet, styptic, vulnerary, stomachic, anti-inflammatory, anodyne depurative and febrifuge. They are useful in vitiated conditions of vata and kapha, internal and external haemorrhages, wounds, colic, flatulence, dyspepsia, inflammations, myalgia, skin diseases, leprosy, erysipelas and fever.

- Flowers of India

Note: Identification or description may not be accurate; it is subject to your review.
Bild von dinesh_valke

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